Aesop ( c. 620–564 BC) was an Ancient Greek fabulist or story teller credited with a number of fables now collectively known as Aesop's Fables or Aesopica. Although his existence remains uncertain and (if they ever existed) no writings by him survive, numerous tales credited to him were gathered across the centuries and in many languages in a storytelling tradition that continues to this day. Many of the tales are characterized by animals and inanimate objects that speak, solve problems, and generally have human characteristics.
A fable is a succinct fictional story, in prose or verse, that features animals, mythical creatures, plants, inanimate objects or forces of nature which are anthropomorphized (given human qualities such as verbal communication), and that illustrates or leads to an interpretation of a moral lesson (a "moral"), which may at the end be added explicitly in a pithy maxim.
Woodcut illustrated versions of the fables were very popular with the first printed translations and editions in Europe from the 15th onwards.
WOODCUT ILLUSTRATED VERSIONS HERE